Are there pests like ants, rats, roaches, or wild animals in your home? You can try your luck with the many pest control chemicals sold in the market.
What are Pesticides?
Pesticides are chemicals or natural substances that can kill or repel harmful organisms.
Hundreds of organisms that can become pests. As a result, thousands of pesticides are now available for commercial use.
Pesticides aren’t only used in homes. They’re also used in commercial establishments like shops, storage facilities, offices, and farms, to name a few.
Are Pesticides Harmful to Humans?
Yes, most pesticides can be hazardous to humans and pets. Scientists have carefully formulated these pest control chemicals and active ingredients. However, some of the chemicals are harmful to humans and animals. This is because the chemicals need to be more potent to be effective for pests.
Commercial pesticides have instructions written on the back regarding storage and use. As a rule, humans and pets should be kept away from places where the pesticides are being used. The bottle or packet of pesticide should also always be sealed properly. They should also be stored in a safe place away from kids and pets.
Pesticide poisoning is an emergency. Call for emergency services or the poison control center right away. Poisoning includes getting the pesticide on your skin, inhaling it, or eating and drinking it. You can also get poisoned if you get the pesticide in your eye.
First aid for pesticide poisoning may include:
Common Chemicals Used for Pest Control
Insecticides are pest control chemicals that harm, kill, or repel insect pests. These include ants, termites, cockroaches, mosquitoes, flies, and/or other insects that may be harmful to produce.
Insecticides can affect the nervous system of the insects, or damage their exoskeletons. They can also simply repel them from the area without causing much damage. A type of insecticide called IGR (insect growth regulators) manage the insects by preventing them to grow or lay eggs.
Some common chemical insecticides are:
Herbicides are substances that kill unwanted plants. They are also known as weedkillers.
Selective herbicides target a specific species of weed. Total or non-selective herbicides will kill any and all plants within the area.
Most weedkillers are used in farms. But, home gardeners might also need a bottle for their lawn and garden.
Some common chemical herbicides are:
Rodenticides are pesticides that target mice and rats. They’re commonly known as rat poison.
Different rodenticides have different modes of action. Some kill the rodents after just a single exposure. Some will achieve the desired effect after several doses.
Rats and mice don’t eat the entire food if they don’t recognize it. They prefer to nibble small pieces, instead. This is why some rodenticides are more effective only after several doses.
Rat poisons are harmful to all mammals, and that includes humans and pets. If you have rat poison at home, make sure to store them in a place that can’t be reached by pets and children.
Some common chemical rodenticides are:
Bactericides are commonly known as antiseptics, disinfectants, or antibiotics. They’re also considered as pesticides. This is because some bactericides can be used in agriculture. Disinfectants are rarely used on plants, however.
Fungicides have the same function as bactericides. The difference is their target. Fungicides target parasitic fungi and fungi spores.
These two are commonly used together in farming.
Some common chemical bactericides and fungicides are:
Larvicides are insecticides that target insects within their larval stages. These pesticides are most commonly used against mosquitoes.
Some common chemical larvicides are:
These are but a few of the pest control chemicals commonly used today. Do you understand pesticides a little better? That knowledge will help you control the pests invading your home.